P.D. Soros Fellowship for New Americans


James Diao, 2021

MD, Harvard University

James Diao is the child of immigrants from China

Fellowship awarded to support work towards an MD in Medicine at Harvard University

James Diao grew up amid Chinese restaurants, street signs, and supermarkets in the largest Chinatown of Houston, Texas. He was first raised by his grandparents, who delighted in teaching him parodies of famous poems to recite. Later, when his grandparents returned to Jiangxian, James continued to spend almost every summer with them and his extended family. In the United States, James’s family later moved to Fort Bend, Texas, among the most diverse counties in the country, where he met classmates, teachers, and pastors with very different life experiences from his own. Living by the largest medical center in the world also piqued James’s interest in health care. James found a mentor in pediatric oncologist Professor Rachel Rau, who introduced him to the wonders of modern molecular biology and the devastating conditions that they were poised to treat. 

Inspired by his parents’ love of programming and their experiences under Maoism, James was also fascinated by the responsible development of technology. These passions drove James throughout his work at Apple, where he led projects to validate wearable health features in diverse populations; at PathAI, where he built deep learning models to broaden access to pathologist services; at Yale, where he worked under Professor Mark Gerstein to standardize analyses of exRNA biomarkers; and at Harvard, where he worked under Professor Arjun Manrai to study the impacts of clinical guidelines on marginalized groups.

James’s lead author research in the New England Journal of Medicine and JAMA systematically compared race-based and race-free equations for kidney function and showed that up to one million Black Americans may receive unequal kidney care due to their race. His other works on machine learning and precision medicine have appeared in Cell, Cell Systems, Human Molecular Genetics, and Nature Communications.

James graduated magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa from Yale University with degrees in statistics and biochemistry and is currently a medical student at the Harvard-MIT Program in Health Sciences & Technology. Following his medical and scientific training, James hopes to give voice to patient perspectives in the development and evaluation of healthcare technology. 

  • BS Statistics and Data Science; Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry | Yale University 2018
  • MD Medicine | Harvard University
Related Articles

The Opportunity You Shouldn't Pass Up: Apply

The 2025 application is open. Are you a New American who will be 30 or younger as of October 31, 2024, and who will be in graduate school full-time for the 2025-2026 academic year? Check out our eligibility requirements, learn about the Fellowships,...

Read More
James Diao

Looking Back at the Fellowship: MD Student James Diao

Read More
Jordan Tucker

Two Paul & Daisy Soros Fellows Successfully Work To End The Use of Race In Kidney Disease Diagnosis

As our nation’s society continues its reckoning with the historic legacy of systematic racism and white supremacy, Paul & Daisy Soros Fellows James Diao and Naomi Tweyo Nkinsi are on the front lines of a growing movement to promote racial justice in...

Read More
transform="translate(188.000000, 15.000000)"